I have received a lot of questions from different visitors these days ,asked if Is there a requirement for fumigation for pallets made of plywood?
I told them ,for special countries or markets really need the fumigation certirficates such as south and central america markets, also australia markets ,but most countries don’t need it .THe reasons are There is no fumigation requirement because plywood is a product of heat and pressure that by nature of its manufacturing process is free of pest and plant-born disease.
FUMIGATION CERTIFICATE IN INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING
The Fumigation Certificate, in respect of international shipping of sea freight, also referred to as a ‘pest control certificate’ is the proof that wooden packing materials used in international sea freight shipping e.g. wooden pallets and crates, wood, wool etc have been fumigated or sterilized prior the international shipment. Fumigation certificates in international shipping usually contain details such as purpose of treatment, the articles in question, temperature range used, chemicals and concentration used, etc.
The fumigation certificate as an international sea freight shipping document is NOT a mandatory international shipping export document.However, it assists in quarantine clearance of an international seafreight shipment upon the arrival to the destination.
The fumigation for international shipping using a sea freight services should be completed by a certified vender prior the international shipment will be submitted to an international sea freight carriers shipping facility in the country of origin of the international shipment. If not completed and fully documented at origin, then the fumigation may be done at the destination upon arrival of international sea freight shipment to the country of destination; OR for international shipments with transshipments at a time of transshipment, i.e. at a time when cargo will be reloaded form one container/vessel to another in order to be shipped to the final destination.
If a fumigation certificate in international sea freight shipping is required but not presented or incomplete, then additional costs related to fumigation of the international sea freight shipment may occur upon arrival of the international shipment to the destination. NoncomplianceWILL RESULT in wooden packing materials and wooden pallets being destroyed by the destination country port authorities at consignee’s cost and may result in delayed customs clearance. Shippers/Consignees will bear the cost of the fumigation and/or delayed customs clearance due to this noncompliance on the international shipping procedures related to international shipping of sea freight containing wooden packing materials.
Note: Obtaining of fumigation certificate for international cargo shipping is SHIPPER’S responsibility. A Fumigation Certificate, in respect of international shipping of sea freight (if required), can be obtained by international shipper from a local fumigation company. If you consider that a fumigation certificate is required for your international sea freight shipment, then search the internet or refer to your local Yellow Pages in order to find a nearest fumigation company in your area that specialized in fumigation of cargo for the international shipping.
QUESTION: IS A FUMIGATION CERTIFICATE REQUIRED FOR MY INTERNATIONAL SEA FREIGHT SHIPMENT?
At a glance the ISPM15 international shipping rules may appear quite complicated. I order to make it simpler we would suggest to international shippers using common sense to understand these rules:
Usually, in international shipping of sea freight, importing countries make fumigation compulsory for wood-packing materials that contain solid wood / timber and logs. But importing countries do not require fumigation for cardboard boxes, plywood, blockboard, MDF/HDF (wood-based products obtained by pressing wood fibres), OSB (a competitor for plywood), hardboard, particle board and some other man-made boards.Why? Because solid timber and logs that are shipping internationally, probably have harmful living insects. It is necessary to fumigate solid timer and logs before international shipping overseas. Otherwise, those harmful insects probably will cause great damage to the forests in importing countries.
The goal of fumigation is to protect forests of destination countries from insects that may reside inside of internationally shipping timber. The fumigation is a pesticide treatment using poisonous gases to kill pests inside of international shipping wood.
But there will NOT be living insects in some internationally shipping “man-made” wood-packing materials SUCH AS: cardboard boxes, plywood, blockboard (wood-based products obtained by gluing blocks of wood together and sandwiching them between 2 veneers), MDF/HDF (wood-based products obtained by pressing wood fibres), OSB (a competitor for plywood), hardboard (high-density fiberboard), particle board and so on. These “man-made” wood-packing materials are produced under high temperature and high pressure. During production, all the insects in these “man-made” wood-packing materials will be killed because of high temperature and high pressure.
Because of no insects, then these “man-made” wood-packing materials will NOT require to be fumigated during the international shipping. I.e. NO fumigation certificate is required for your sea freight international shipment that contain these “man-made” wood-packing materials listed above.