Data Analysis of Main Origin and Import and Export Countries of Plywood in China
Plywood is one of the commonly used materials in furniture. It is one of the three major wood-based panels. It is a three-layer or multi-layer plate-like material made up of wood sections cut into veneers or planned into thin wood, then bonded with adhesives. Usually, odd-layer veneers are used and the fibre directions of adjacent veneers are perpendicular to each other. It can be used for aircraft and ships. Ships, trains, automobiles, buildings and packing boxes have many advantages, such as light weight, clear grain, insulation, high strength, not easy to deform, convenient construction, not warping, good transverse tensile mechanical properties and improving wood utilization rate.
In recent years, with the rapid growth of China’s economy, the market demand for plywood is also expanding. A large number of fast-growing and High-yielding forest timber from raw materials in North China, East China and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River flooded into the market, as well as the continuous supplement of high-quality broad-leaved timber from abroad, which provided abundant raw materials for the continuous development of China’s plywood industry; in terms of production costs, China had sufficient human resources, which led to the development of China’s glue industry. Comparing with other plywood producing countries, cost accounting of plywood industry has an advantage. In terms of competitiveness, many plywood enterprises begin to attach importance to innovative research and development and environmental protection construction, which has greatly improved the overall quality of plywood and strengthened their competitiveness in the international market. Up to now, China has not only become a major exporter of plywood, but also the world’s largest producer of plywood.
Distribution of Plywood Major Producing Areas in China
The plywood industry is mainly concentrated in East China and South China, and the output of Jiangsu, Shandong and Guangxi accounts for 90% of the country’s total. There are tens of thousands of plywood enterprises in our country, with a very low concentration, less than 0.5% of large-scale and enterprise groups. However, the industry is constantly improving. Firstly, more and more enterprises are using formaldehyde-free glue. Secondly, enterprises have increased their R&D efforts, adjusted their product structure, and thirdly, small enterprises are gradually closed down.
National Analysis of Plywood Import and Export
Plywood is mainly exported to the United States, the Philippines, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates and South Korea, accounting for nearly 50% of the total. Plywood is mainly imported from Malay, Russia, Indonesia and Finland, accounting for 82% of the total imports.
Export plywood increased by 3.8% in 2018. Jiangsu and Shandong account for 90% of China’s total plywood exports. Exports are mainly low-grade plywood, with very low profits.
China’s plywood industry is developing rapidly and the overall situation is good, but it still encounters anti-dumping complaints from the European Union, the United States and other importing countries. Moreover, in 2018, the intensity of environmental protection will continue to increase. Therefore, China’s plywood enterprises and industry organizations must strengthen communication with importers, strengthen enterprise self-discipline, and regulate exports. Operating order, while increasing environmental productivity. In 2019, the policy of “one belt and one road” has been deepened, and the scale of infrastructure construction along the border has been expanding. This has stimulated the demand of plywood and highlighted the development potential of China’s plywood market, which is undoubtedly a great opportunity for China’s plywood industry.