Distribution of Eucalyptus Log Resources in China

Distribution of Eucalyptus Log Resources in China

As the main fast-growing forest species in China, the planting area of Eucalyptus has gradually increased in recent years. By 2017, the planting area of Eucalyptus in China has reached 4.6 million hectares, accounting for 6.5% of the plantation area. The annual output of Eucalyptus is 30 million M long, accounting for 26.9% of the national annual timber output. As the main planting areas of Eucalyptus plantations in China, Guangxi and Guangdong have gradually increased their planting areas because of the support of industrial policies.

Eucalyptus robusta Smith, also known as Eucalyptus, is a generic name of Myrtle and Eucalyptus. Evergreen tall trees, about 600 species. Evergreen plants have periodic loss of withered leaves in one year. Most of them are tall trees, a few are small trees, and few are shrubby. The shape of crown is spire, multi-branch and vertical branch. Leaves simple, entire, leathery, sometimes covered with a thin layer of wax. Leaves can be divided into three types: young leaves, middle leaves and mature leaves. Most varieties have opposite, smaller, heart-shaped or broad lanceolate leaves.

Most of the Eucalyptus timber is heavy, hard and durable. It is widely used in man-made ships, bridges, railway sleepers, railway compartments, carriages, furniture, farm implements, floor panels, furniture, textile implements, sports implements, musical instruments, wooden barrels, poles, piles, columns and so on. In Australia, Eucalyptus globulus can be used in railway compartments for at least 20 years, which requires high elasticity and strength of wood. In Tuvenba (Australia), houses built from eucalyptus trees remain intact 30 years later. Eucalyptus trees are used for bridges and stakes on the Dawson River, and they remain intact after 40 years. Eucalyptus can be as hard and durable as steel after proper treatment.

According to Bosch’s report on deep investigation and investment prospects of Eucalyptus log market in China from 2018 to 2023, Eucalyptus, as the main fast-growing forest species in China, has gradually increased its planting area in recent years. By 2017, the planting area of Eucalyptus in China has reached 4.6 million hours, accounting for 6.5% of the planted area, and the annual output of timber is 30 million M. It accounts for 26.9% of the annual timber output in China. As the main planting areas of Eucalyptus plantations in China, Guangxi and Guangdong have gradually increased their planting areas because of the support of industrial policies.

Eucalyptus resources in China are mainly distributed in South China, of which two areas are the main planting areas of Eucalyptus. Eucalyptus planting area in Guangxi accounts for 41% of Eucalyptus planting area in China, 24% in Guangdong, 6% in Hainan and 11% in Fujian.

Eucalyptus is one of the three fast-growing species (Eucalyptus, Poplar and Pine) in China. Eucalyptus can achieve the effect of afforestation in the same year by virtue of its fast-growing advantages. Therefore, Eucalyptus enjoys a high reputation and is very popular in China. Especially in the tropical and subtropical areas of Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan and Fujian, Eucalyptus planting has the characteristics of advantageous conditions, long history and good benefits. In recent years, due to the adjustment of national industrial policy, the planting of Eucalyptus plantations has decreased, and the yield of Eucalyptus logs has also gradually fluctuated and declined.

At present, the planting area of Eucalyptus in China is about 4.6 million H. Eighty percent of the Eucalyptus plantations in China are distributed in coastal provinces such as Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan and Fujian, while few are distributed in Yunnan, Sichuan, Hunan and Jiangxi provinces. The planting area of Eucalyptus in Guangxi is about 1.87 million H. The planting area of Eucalyptus in Guangxi is quite large, which occupies the vast majority of the planting area of Eucalyptus in China. At present, Eucalyptus accounts for more than 70% of the total timber in Guangxi, and Eucalyptus accounts for the vast majority of the market. In recent years, the timber harvesting volume in Guangxi has risen to the first in the country, to 37.8 million M long, of which Eucalyptus accounts for 27.75 million M long.

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