Forest Products and JAS System
1.1 What is JAS?
JAS: Japanese Agroforestry Standard
1.2 Two Pillars of JAS System
JAS system consists of JAS standard system and quality representation benchmark system.
The purpose of JAS standard system is to improve the quality, rationalize the production, justify the sale, and rationalize the use or consumption of agricultural and forestry materials.
Quality Representation Benchmark System: A correct representation of the quality of agricultural and forestry materials for general consumers’consumption choices. The system does not apply to forest products.
1.3 Applicable Objects of JAS Law
JAS law applies to object products:
(1) Dietary products and oils
(2) Agricultural products, forest products, livestock products, aquatic products and their processed products, among which, forest products (Wood Products)
There are now 292 JAS standards for 81 agricultural and forestry products (19 of which are forest products).
1.4 Formulation and Amendment of JAS Law
JAS Law 1950
The Establishment of “JAS Factory Ministers’Accreditation Registration System” in 1970
1999 with Legal Correction
JAS factory is certified as helium certified by the minister
Import of JAS Product Independent Assessment System in JAS Factory
Domestic and foreign enterprises and profit-making legal persons can declare to be appraisal and certification bodies.
JAS standards are regularly revised within five years
2002 with Legal Correction
Prompt publicity to consumers by those who do not obey the corrective instructions for violating the quality indication system
Strengthen penalties for violators of corrective orders
2. Structure of JAS Standard System
2.1 What is a JAS flag:
JAS Mark: A mark that can be used to represent products whose quality is above the standard specified in JAS standard.
2.2 Two Ways to Use JAS Markers
(1) Recognize that the factory carries out independent evaluation and pays the JAS mark of the product.
(2) Assessment bodies shall evaluate the products submitted for inspection and pay JAS marks for the products.
JAS Standard System Structure
JAS product evaluation of evaluation organization (first evaluation)
3.1 JAS certifies products from factories other than factories
Assessment organs shall carry out the procedures for assessing the products submitted for inspection, including product performance inspection, etc. in accordance with the regulations.
Even in JAS certified factories, products other than certified varieties need to submit certification and evaluation declarations to the evaluation body.
3.2 Assessment Procedure
(1) Application and acceptance of assessment
Applicants submit applications (in Japanese)
(2) Sample extraction
The inspector arrives at the inspection site and determines the inspected products and extracts the samples according to the inspection method of JAS evaluation.
Inspection products refer to products that can be identified to be manufactured under the same manufacturing conditions with the same basic raw materials.
(3) Examination of specimens (physical and chemical tests)
The physical and chemical tests specified in JAS standard are carried out in the inspection institute to determine whether the samples are qualified or not.
(4) Examination of specimens (appearance inspection, etc.)
Dimensional inspection shall be carried out according to the prescribed inspection methods for the products that have passed the physical and chemical inspection. Visual inspection
(5) Judgment of Qualification
According to the inspection method and JAS standard, judge whether the products submitted for inspection are qualified or not.
(6) Representation of evaluation
The inspector went to the scene again and JAS the qualified products according to the “evaluation of the presentation and form of improper methods”.
JAS Factory Recognition of 4 Certification Agencies
4.1 Application for confirmation
Enterprises wishing to use JAS logo in the sale of products can apply to the certification authority for recognition as long as the product is the object of application of JAS standard. The certification authority shall examine the qualifications of the applicants in accordance with the “recognized technical benchmarks”.
4.2 Technical benchmarks identified
The technical benchmarks recognized by JAS stipulate the manufacturing and processing facilities, quality management methods and the qualifications of the undertakers, JAS evaluation methods and the qualifications of the undertakers of various products.
Main contents of the review:
(1) Facilities owned for manufacturing or processing, storage, quality management and JAS product evaluation
(2) Implementation methods of quality management
(3) Qualifications and number of quality managers
(4) Organization and implementation of JA3 product evaluation
(5) Qualification and Number of JAS Product Assessment Actors
5 JAS Factory Independent Evaluation from 5 Products
JAS confirms that the factory will independently evaluate and inspect the approved products according to the prescribed inspection methods. It will judge whether the products conform to JA5 standard and make JA5 mark for the conformants.
6. Quality Assurance Confirmation System
6.1 JA5 confirms the regular supervision of the factory.
Certification bodies regularly monitor whether JAS products are manufactured, inspected and evaluated by JAS certified factories in strict accordance with the certified benchmarks.
6.2 Survey of JA5 Products on the Market
The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Consumption Technology Center conduct regular surveys on the quality of JA5 products in the market and whether they meet the standards and benchmarks.
JAS Certification Authority for 7 Forest Products
7.1 Certification and Assessment Institutions
。 Japan Joint Inspection Association (JPIC), a corporate Consortium
Longitudinal joints, plywood and wood flooring for laminated timber, LVL, OSB, frame-wall construction
National Federation of Timber Combinations, Inc., Sawn Timber etc.
Hokkaido Forest Products Inspection Association Sawn Wood etc. (Log Assessment Agency)
(2) Overseas Japan (Foreign Inspection Institutions)
Canadian Forest Industry Review Conference (1987)
Plywood, sawdust, laminates, LVL,
Longitudinal Joints for Frame Wall Construction
American Building Block Association (APA, 1989)
Plywood, laminated wood, wood flooring, LVL,
Longitudinal Joints, 0SB for Frame Wall Construction
Western Wood Products Association (WWPA, 1993) Sawwood etc.
TEC0 (USA, 1993) plywood, laminates, LVL, 0SB
The Norwegian Institute of Wood Engineering (1996) Longitudinal Joints and Laminated Wood for Sawn Wood and Frame Wall Construction
PSI (USA, 1996) plywood, 0SB
American Wood Structural Association (1996) Plywood, 0SB
MAL (Indonesia, 1996) plywood
VTTBT (Finland, 1997) Plywood, laminated wood, wood flooring, sawn wood etc., LVL, longitudinal joints for frame wall construction
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