High Pressure Laminates: Types, Finishes, Maintenance Buying Guide,inspection,quality control ,sourcing,consultant,manufacturing,import,export
All About Laminates: Types, Finishes, Maintenance & Lot More
Archana Rajendran | February 20, 2020
If you have been recently shopping for interiors, there are more chances than not that you came across laminates in one form or the other. Available in a range of decorative patterns and colors, today these form the surface of a lot more products than you can imagine. Read on for a quick summary of the features of this versatile material and tips on using it in your home.
What are laminates?
A composite artificial material
The most commonly used finishing layer for MDF, plywood, particle board, wooden furniture, wall panels and flooring are laminates. Essentially, a composite artificial material, they are made by pressing together thin layers of flat paper and plastic resins. The upper layer is printed with a decorative pattern or color.
All About Laminates: Types
Five main types
Decorative laminates – These have greater aesthetic appeal in terms of finishes and patterns. Decorative laminates can be used for doing ornamental overlays on furniture. And there are so many to choose from as well! Take a look at some of the popular decorative laminates.
Industrial laminates – These have higher strength and are more resistant to wear and tear. They include high-performance laminates which are fire retardant, antibacterial and chemical resistant for application in hospitals and other industries.
Compact laminates – These fairly thick ones are self-supporting and do not need to be glued to any other material.
Post formed laminates – These flexible versions are thinner than regular laminates. They are used to wrap around tables, columns etc.
High-pressure and low-pressure laminates – Differing only in the pressure with which the laminate is applied on a substrate, HPL is usually used with plywood while LPL finds its use with MDF.
All About Laminates: Colors and patterns
Used to mimic natural materials
Laminates are available in a wide variety of patterns. If you want to simulate the appearance of solid wood textures and other natural materials, using laminates are your best bet. They are also available in bright colors and funky motifs.
All About Laminates: Finishes
Glossy and matte finishes
Although available in an array of finishes, the most common are smooth, medium to high gloss, and matte finishes. Furniture and wall finishes often use textured laminates, which replicate the tactile feel of natural materials. Popularly used textures include handscraped, rustic wood, metallic and leather finishes.
You would need expert opinion to find the right size
Laminates are commercially available in sheets, panels and boards depending on the type of application. The approximate size of sheets available is around 8 feet by 4 feet. Wall panels and boards are available as squares or rectangles in different sizes.
More durable than solid wood
Laminates are fairly durable and scratch resistant. They are more resistant to wear and tear, moisture, and heat when compared to veneer and solid wood products. However, laminated surfaces tend to warp when exposed to excess water. Since they are brittle materials, these are also prone to chipping