Lumber and Logs Glossary
Special terms used in this web site.
- This is lumber that has been received from the mills in a rough state and has no finished sides.
- Surfaced 2 sides, meaning that the rough lumber has been surfaced on the top and the bottom.
- Straight line 1 edge, meaning that the rough lumber has been milled to give a straight and square surface alone one edge.
- Surfaced 4 sides, meaning that the lumber has been milled and surfaced on all 4 sides. Hit and Miss Refers to lumber that has been barely blanked so that parts of the lumber clearly show the color and grain qualities.
- SHOP product is plywood stock where about 85% of the product is usable. Manufacturers SHOP stock is where the product is received from the manufacturer in this condition. Fall down SHOP product is where the product has been damaged by accident.
- The best and most expensive grade. Boards 5 1/2″ and wider, 8′ and longer. The FAS grade includes a range of boards which yield from 83 1/3% (1O/12ths) to 100% clear wood in cuttings at least 3″ wide by 7′ long or 4″ wide by 5′ long. FAS is graded from the worst side of the board.
- The FAS grade will provide the user with long, wide, clear cuttings. Best suited for high quality furniture, cabinetry, interior trim, millwork, solid wood mouldings and applications where clear, wide boards are needed.
- In FAS1F (“FAS one Face”) and Selects, the grade is established using both faces of the board. The best face must meet the requirements for FAS, and the reverse side must essentially grade No.1. FAS1F and Selects are virtually the same grade, except for minimum width and length. The minimum board size for Selects is 4″ x 6′; and for FAS1F it is 6″ x 8′.
- No. 1 Common will provide the user with clear cuttings of medium length and width. Best suited for furniture, cabinets, and a multitude of solid wood manufactured products. The No.1 grade includes a range of boards which will yield from 66 2/3% (8/12ths) to 83 1/3% (1O/12ths) clear wood in cuttings at least 3″ wide by 3′ long or 4″ x 2′.
- A typical thrift or “shop” grade. Boards are 3″ and wider, 4′ and longer. Provides good value, especially if relatively small pieces can be used.
- No. 2A Common will provide the user with short, narrow clear cuttings economically priced, for use in unexposed furniture frames, picture frames, cabinet rails and frames, parquet or strip flooring, and many other smaller solid wood components. The No. 2A Common grade includes a range of boards which will yield from 50% (6/12ths) to 66 2/3% (8/12ths) clear wood in cuttings at least 3″ wide by 2′ long.
- Boards are 3″ and wider, 4′ and longer. Yields 50 percent clear face cuttings 3″ and wider by 2′ and longer. Suitable for some paneling and flooring applications.
- Same requirements as #1 Common and better but wormholes, limited sound knots and other imperfections allowed. Not commonly available.
- Boards are 3″ and wider, 4′ and longer. Yields 33-1/3 percent clear face cuttings 3″ and wider by 2′ and longer. Economical choice for rough utility applications:, crates, palettes, fencing, etc.
- Boards are 3″ and wider, 4′ and longer. Yields 25 percent clear face cuttings 1-1/2″ and wider by 2′ and longer. Applications same as No. 3A Common.