Particle Board Buying Guide,inspection,quality control ,sourcing,consultant,manufacturing,import,export

Particle Board Buying Guide
By Brian G.

Date Updated: October 14, 2019

Video explaining the different kinds of plywood.
Learn the differences between MDF, particle board, OSB and plywood so you can plan the materials for your next project.

Table of Contents
Introduction to Reconstituted Wood Products
Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)
Particle Board
Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
Introduction to Reconstituted Wood Products
We’ll explain the differences between plywood and which reconstituted wood product (like OSB, MDF and particle board) to use for your next project. Reconstituted wood products are made by mixing leftover wood parts with glue or resin at high heat and pressure. Since they don’t have a grain pattern, they don’t bow or warp like traditional plywood.

Note: Some items and sizes may not be stocked in stores but are available via Special Order.

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Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)
A man cutting M D F with a jigsaw.
MDF is a waste-wood product that’s made with fine wood fiber. It’s often used with furniture, shelving, cabinetry and moulding. It can be easily milled with all power tools and resists tear-out. Typical finishes include laminate, veneer and paint. MDF is available in 49-inch-by-97-inch panels between 1/2- and 3/4-inch-thick, precut shelving in 4-foot to 8-foot lengths, various depths, 3/4-inch-thick, finished and unfinished. Moulding comes in 8-foot to 16-foot lengths.

Particle Board
One piece of particle board.
Particle board is a waste-wood product that’s made by mixing sawdust with adhesives. Although it won’t bow or warp like plywood, it can swell and become unstable when exposed to water. The main uses are for furniture, underlayment and as substrate for countertops. It can be milled with all power tools and has moderate tear-out. Laminate and veneer finishes are the most common. Particle board comes in 4-foot-by-8-foot panels; 1/2- to 1-inch-thick precut shelving boards come in various sizes.

Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
Pieces of oriented strand board.
OSB is an engineered wood product that’s made with flakes or large chips of wood. The panels are formed from layers glued together with their strands at 90-degree angles to one another. The cross orientation of the layers adds strength to the panels and makes OSB well-suited for use as a structure board in sheathing and underlayment. It can be cut with all power saws, but since it’s a structure board, it’s not suited to shaping, sanding or other milling operations. Paints and primers will adhere to OSB, but the main usage is as an underlayment that shouldn’t require finishing. OSB panels are 4-foot-by-8-foot, 1/4- to 3/4-inch thick and also available in tongue and groove panels.

3 plywood panels.
Plywood is an engineered wood product that’s manufactured by thin layers of wood veneer glued together. There are different types of plywood for specific jobs. Exterior plywood uses a waterproof glue for outdoor construction. Hardwood plywood is made from layered hardwood veneer and is used for its durability and attractive look in furniture. Plywood receives grades (ranging from A to D) based on the amount of blemishes on the product.

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