Russian forest resources are decreasing year by year
All along, Russian forestry resources are very rich, forest coverage is wide, world-famous. As “green gold”, Russia’s log export volume occupies the forefront of the world.
Russia’s forests are indeed disappearing, they are being exploited legally or illegally, and forest fires are fuelling the fire.
In Russia, it is well known that there are too few laws and regulations related to forest mining industry. Now, Russian officials are beginning to pay attention to this, which is to try to ban cutting down trees.
In February 2019, Federal Council Chairman Valentina Matveenko proposed a temporary embargo on Russian timber exports. The relevant draft has been submitted to the State Duma for discussion with the aim of making the Russian forest industry more orderly. It is simple and easy for Russian officials to ban timber exports. They think this is the only way to solve the problem of forest disappearance, but they propose to put the whole industry at risk and deprive thousands of people of their jobs.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Russia accounts for 15% of the world’s total industrial timber exports. Most of them are exported to China, which is now the world’s largest importer of industrial logs, accounting for 43% of the world’s total imports. It is also the world’s largest timber consumer (26% of world imports). ,
Russia’s forest resources are declining. The main reason is that Russia is not accustomed to forest restoration. In 2016, the area of artificial reforestation was 178.8 thousand hectares, accounting for only 17.9% of the total area of trees allowed to be mined. According to the Russian Federation’s forestry development strategy, by 2030, 26% of the mining areas will not be restored at all. The Russian ecological sector allocated 151 billion roubles for the restoration of Russian forests. What measures have been taken to restore forests in Russia? Just grow seeds and seedlings. But according to international standards, this is not true forest restoration. If seedlings are planted, without effective care, fast-growing trees will begin to wither, forests become dense and conifers become weak. As a result, ecosystems are getting worse and forests will be totally unusable. Care for seedlings is the basis of forest restoration. But who would do that? After every commercial harvest, the state has no such resources to deal with, and logging companies have no incentive: forests can be leased for up to 49 years. The seedling care should take place within the first 12-15 years, and after 40-45 years of planting, 300-350 cubic meters of forest can be obtained per hectare. At that time, the lease period will be over and the forest will not be used. Others rent the land, but only 1.07% of the timber is recycled, which is too little.
However, neither New Zealand nor Sweden has reduced forest cover because of the economic interests of loggers. Why doesn’t Russia adopt effective methods from other countries? In some countries, logging companies need to occupy forest areas for a long time. One rent is more than 100 years. For the sake of the company’s 100-year plan, logging companies should consider cutting while planting, so as to recycle. This method can not only prevent the destruction of forests, but also benefit enterprises themselves. The productivity of the forest under care is 5-6 times higher than that of the original forest. If a forest is reused for industrial exploitation, the cost is lower and the yield of wood is higher. Therefore, it is necessary to fundamentally revise the principles of forest restoration and land use in Russia, otherwise, forest restoration in Russia will stagnate. Some people in Russia tirelessly complain about the Chinese who are buying forests and propose a ban on log exports, which does not solve the problem of forest reduction in Russia.
Russia’s forest resources are becoming less and less. The main reason is not how many Russian forests have been cut down by the Chinese. Because the vast majority of Chinese companies are legal logging, but not free of charge to take away the forest?! Russian timber is not only exported to one country in China, but also Russia is not the largest importer of Chinese timber. Russia should find more reasons from itself, of course illegal logging is one of the reasons, but it is not the Chinese who engage in this activity, but the Russians. In Russia, when Chinese people speak louder in apartments, they will be complained by their neighbors. How many people have the courage to illegally exploit trees? Undisciplined and predatory destruction of forests is a local evil force. All the illicit income from this crime has fallen into the pockets of the local wood thieves. To maintain and restore Russia’s forest resources, it is of course urgent to solve the problem of excessive deforestation. In fact, the annual forest fires that occur on schedule cause more serious damage to forests.