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Types and advantages of cabinet door panels

Types and advantages of cabinet door panels

Common in the conventional classification are: Double veneer, fire-proof plate, UV plate, melamine plate, pet plate, metal plate, crystal plate, carbon light plate, paint baking plate, plastic absorbing plate (molding plate), solid wood plate, etc.

1. Double finish

The double veneer panel is also called melamine board. The base material is particleboard (solid wood particle board). The manufacturing process is to immerse the paper with different colors or textures in melamine resin adhesive, dry it to a certain degree of curing, and then lay it on the surface of the base material, which is hot pressed.

Advantages: environmental protection, no deformation, certain wear resistance, high temperature resistance, acid and alkali resistance, corrosion resistance and penetration resistance, more colors, natural and realistic color, and strong decoration; The board quality is stable and suitable for modern or simple cabinet style.

Disadvantages: the door panel can not be bent to make a shape, and the waterproof property is relatively poor. It is simple and simple, and not up to grade.

2. Fireproof board

The fireproof board is made of multi-layer kraft paper impregnated with phenolic resin and one layer of melamine impregnated decorative paper pressed under high temperature, referred to as HPL.

The fireproof board door panel is to paste the fireproof board on the base material of medium density board or particleboard through hot pressing or cold pressing. The structure is divided into three layers, the first layer is fireproof board, the second layer is density board and particleboard, and the third layer is balance board.

Advantages: bright color, smooth surface, wear resistance, heat resistance and open fire resistance, scratch resistance and easy cleaning, rich color and good stability. Its performance is better than that of double decorative panel.

Disadvantages: the door panel can not be bent to make a shape, and the waterproof property is relatively poor. It is simple and simple, and not up to grade.

3. UV plate

UV is the abbreviation of English ultraviolet ray. UV light curing is an environmental friendly finishing material that absorbs the energy of strong ultraviolet rays to initiate chemical polymerization and cross-linking reactions, so that the liquid can cure the coating film within 3 to 5 seconds. The surface of the UV plate is coated with transparent and environmentally friendly UV light curing paint and then cured by strong ultraviolet light.

Advantages: it has bright surface treatment, bright color, strong visual impact, environmental protection, high brightness, wear and aging resistance, and easy to clean. The surface hardness of UV plate is up to 4h, which is not easy to scratch and can withstand high temperature of 400-500 degrees. UV light curing paint is stable in nature and does not contain any volatile compounds. It is non-toxic and tasteless. It is an environmental protection paint that meets the European E1 environmental protection standard.

Disadvantages: the cost is high, the requirements for mechanical equipment and process technology are high, and it is not easy to make modeling. It is necessary to seal the edge, generally metal. Once the edge is loose, it will affect the use. Normally, this will not happen.

4. Pet board

The polymer composite board uses pet as the raw material and does not contain any harmful volatile substances. Pet is widely used in all kinds of food, medicine, non-toxic and sterile packaging, such as fresh-keeping film, beverage bottles and edible oil packaging bottles are all made of PET materials.

Advantages: the surface layer has a certain thickness, avoiding impurities and bubbles, and ensuring the flatness and gloss of the whole door panel. The UV panel will change color and cause color difference due to the direct light or the passage of time, but the polymer composite panel has excellent color brightness, consistent color and will not lose color for a long time.

This kind of pet is a composite material with very high adhesion. The surface layer is thicker than the surface layer of general door panels. During processing, it is bonded with imported pur glue and cannot be cut and peeled horizontally. The bonding place can withstand a temperature of 180 ° C and a hardness of more than 6h, breaking the history that high-end cabinets must be delicate.

Disadvantages: high cost, unable to make modeling

5. Metal plate

Metal door panel is a popular door panel in the market at present, which is avant-garde, fashionable, gorgeous, personalized and contemporary. The structure is aluminum magnesium alloy plate, stainless steel plate and other metal plates with special treatment and dense protective layer on the surface of high-quality medium density plate.

Advantages: heat resistance, impact resistance, corrosion resistance, easy scrubbing, long service life, and hazy art decoration effect in modern aesthetic design methods.

Disadvantages: the color is monotonous and mostly cold. If the edge wrapping is not well handled, the inner lining plate is easy to mold, and the metal door plate is generally used.

6. Crystal plate

The base material of crystal door panel is density board or particleboard, and the base material of high-quality crystal door panel is fine wood board. After the surface is painted, a layer of acrylic with a thickness of about 2-3mm is pasted to make the door look crystal clear, so it is called crystal plate. Due to the material, the crystal door panel shall be sealed with aluminum alloy to prevent the pasted acrylic from cracking or falling off.

Advantages: bright color, rich color, easy to clean, and various shapes.

Disadvantages: not wear-resistant, easy to leave scratches. It is easy to deform due to thermal expansion and cold contraction, and the corner surface of the surface layer is easy to rise.

7. Paint baking board

The base material of the paint baking board is medium density board, and the surface is baked with imported paint (three bottoms, two sides and one light) at high temperature for six times. At present, the “baking paint” used for the cabinet only describes one process, that is, the paint treated base material door panel after painting is heated and dried in the drying room.

Advantages: the painted door panel is bright in color, with strong visual impact, strong sense of hierarchy, beautiful and fashionable, good sealing against humid air, and smooth surface. Strong anti fouling ability and easy to clean; The surface baking paint can be effectively waterproof, moisture-proof, no edge sealing, no oil leakage and no fading.

Disadvantages: high cost, poor abrasion resistance, scratch resistance and impact resistance; unable to resist strong acid and alkali, with color difference risk, which must be carefully protected during use.

8. Plastic absorbing plate / molding plate

The blister cabinet is also known as the molded cabinet. The blister door panel is one of the three main materials of the European kitchen cabinet door. The blister door panel is also known as the molded door panel. The medium density plate is used as the base material. After the pattern is carved, cut and milled by the equipment, the PVC veneer is formed by hot pressing and vacuum blistering.

The blister door panel has many advantages, such as rich colors, unique and diverse shapes, and the door panel is not easy to deform. Because the four sides of the door panel can be sealed into a whole after the Blister molding, there is no need to seal the edges, and there will be no problem of sealing the edges of the plate.

Advantages: since the base material can seal the four sides of the door panel into a whole after being processed by the plastic absorption process, there is no need to seal the edges, which solves the problems of some plates such as long-time glue opening and easy to be eroded by water. The color is rich and varied, wear-resistant, unique in shape, and three-dimensional, and the surface shape and plane change a lot, and the expression force is extremely strong.

Disadvantages: the quality problem of PVC blister board is that the surface PVC veneer is abraded or foamed and cracked. This phenomenon may be caused by processing technology problems or the characteristics and quality of the board itself.

9. Solid wood board

The base material of solid wood door panel is log, which is spliced after mechanical cutting, and the surface is painted. It is widely used in high-end kitchen cabinets. The cabinet door panel made of solid wood is of classical style and usually has a high price.

The door frame is solid wood, mainly cherry, walnut and oak. The door core is made of medium density board and pasted with solid wood skin. During the production, the concave convex shape is generally made on the surface of the solid wood, and the external paint is painted, so as to maintain the color of the log and the beautiful shape. This can ensure the special visual effect of solid wood, and the combination of frame and core plate can ensure the strength of door panel.

Advantages: it retains the unique texture and texture of natural wood, and has the effect of returning to nature and returning to nature. The style is elegant, luxurious and solemn.

Disadvantages: the gap is easy to be stained with oil and not easy to clean; The color selection is small, and it can not resist strong acid and alkali. Early treatment of logs is very important, otherwise it is easy to crack and deform.

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